Monday, December 31, 2018

History 108 †Early American History Essay

The quarrel in the midst of the British and the Americans lasted for less than three years. It began in 1812 and stop in 1825. When the strugglefargon was through the side of the British lost slightly 1, 600 troops and the United States lost most 2, 260 of its troops. Ex US-president Madison declared contend in order to protect US ships from being searched by both the British and the cut. Some people believed the contend to be a means of gaining US liberty and protecting its honor from the disrespectful British.However, the struggle ended in a fate since both sides are not decently equipped for war. At the time of the Napoleonic war both French and British alike prohibited the existence of soggy trade. horizontal though the war in the midst of France and Britain had affected the American trade, the Americans still tested to remain immaterial. However, the British did things which provoked the Americans curiously when the British seized about 8, 000 US sailors.The B ritish made it their business to impress American ships and employing people from the ship at a lower place the British naval forces. They tried to justify their actions by claiming that they are unless getting the men under the rule of the monarchy. However, that special(a) statement of the British had been a lie for they fuddle busy more than 6,000 of the American citizens under their function 1. The ardor of the British vessel, Leopard on the US naval frigate Chesapeake resulted in a mishap and is one of the causes of the war.The Leopard demanded to search Chesapeake for British deserters, to which its captain, throng Barron firmly denied the particular demand. This resulted in to an attack which killed lots of Americans. In response to the event, Jefferson prohibited the British from American waters and he also ordered that the British draw a blank their search on American ships. Even though large Britain apologized for their actions they still refused to accord way to the demands of the United States 2. On June 18, 1812, war had been declared by the Americans to the British.The Americans had many reasons for declaring a war such as the clutch of American sailors by British vessels, the French and British restriction on neutral trade which greatly affected the US economy, and the military support of Great Britain on Native Americans in protecting their lands. Great Britain attempted to prevent the war by withdrawing their trade restrictions however there is no turning back for the Americans especially since they already viewed that particular war as a war for their independence.However, there are otherwise primary reason why the war still continued and it is the wish of the western sandwich and Southern Americans to drive the British and the Spanish away from mating America. However, as mentioned earlier, neither side is prepared for a war and it is the primary reason why the war ended in a draw. The British had most of its army on peninsul ar War and they are very preoccupy with the Napoleonic war as wellspring as their war against France.The United States on the other hand, are hard order by the fact that their military leaderships were weak. This particular weakness could be seen on the numerous attempts of the United States to infiltrate Canada. None of those attempts succeeded in spite of the fact that they had been fighting only a small British force. other major problem which plagued Americans during their time is the nonage of their financial and logistical resources. These had only been more or less of the reasons why neither the British nor the Americans win the war of 1812To conclude, the war began because of the numerous abuses the Americans have had to suffer under the British navy as well as for the following of the Americans to drive the British and the Spaniards away from Florida and North America. However, since neither force is ready for the express war, and since both sides are preoccupied by other major concerns the war ended in a stalemate.ReferenceHenretta, pile A. , David Brody, and Lynn Dumenil. America a Concise History. Vol. 1 St. Martins Press, 2005. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. War of 1812. (2007), http//encarta. msn. com/encyclopedia_761571913_1/War_of_1812. html.

Friday, December 28, 2018

Bridgeton Industries Case

The dynamics of the locomote labor hand been very volatile in the tole dictate few decades, and the case depicts how the changing environs has affected the Bridgestone Industries. The Bridgestone Industries is a supplier of dowrys and part for the one-third principal(prenominal) travel manufacturing companies in the wholeed States. The increase in the supply prices as wellspring as the technical developing and the ease of availability of cheaper, price competent merchandise European and lacquerese simple machines have taken a prodigious section of the pick out from the US establish manufacturers.As a expiry there is less(prenominal) pauperization for increases and lots from the Bridgestone Industries who are facing number one volume of gross sales and therefore down in the mouth favorableness. In addition to this the increase approach and smashers in the social club are infuriating the make up thought of the Bridgestone Industries by diminish the profit margins per sale. The paper provides an synopsis of the apostrophize position of the Bridgestone Industries and the operating costs associated with the take bloods beingness fabricate by Bridgestone Industries at the ACF.The knock political machinego aim for the company is determined to be 437% in 1988, 434% in 1989, 577% in 1989 and 562% in 1990. A compute is also drafted for the division 1991 which considers outsourcing the manifold intersectionion line. The budget has show that through the outsourcing of the manifold production line signifi female genitaliat cost savings in the expenses for rule labor, direct material and the command processing operating expenses can be achieved which can result in the lowered overhead burden rate of 307% only.As a result it is proposed that the Bridgestone Industries should seek to outsource the manifold production line as it can be toweringly beneficial for the cost position of the company. Bridgeton Industries Case Ove rview of Bridgeton Industries The Harvard ancestry concern review case depicts the problems that were faced by the Bridgeton Industries imputable to technological ontogeny, changes in the inner and external environments of the bloodlinees and the changing consumer preferences for automobiles. The company Bridgeton Industries is a major supplier of the complements of the parts and components for the unify States self-propelling industry.The automotive component and untruth whole shebang in question in this case was originally founded in 1840 unless was acquired by the Bridgeton Industries in the early 1900s. Since and so the plant was employ to manufacture complements for the main automotive manufacturers in the region. yet increase be of manufacturing the components and increase overhead cost caused the plant to close down. The products that were mainly constitute by the Bridgeton Industries pertained to components of automobiles that were required by the main manuf acturers of automobiles in the industry.The main product lines that were fabricate at the automotive component and finesse plant by the Bridgeton Industries for its custom- doers included open fire tanks for automobiles, stainless steel exhaust manifolds, the bet and rear doors of the automobiles, the muffler exhaust systems for the cars as well as the steel oil colour pans that are incorporated in manufacturing an automobile. These products were custom made according to the requirements of the customers in the get together States mart for automobile manufactures only.The target grocery of the Bridgeton Industries included the troika main petition automobile manufactures that died in the United States. These automobile manufacturers had a large ploughshare of the marketplaceplace share of the US automobile market and therefore consumed almost the entire production generated by the automotive component and assemblage plant by Bridgeton Industries. The nature of the ch ore at the Bridgeton Industries was such that a business to business customer/ client pattern was adopted by the company as the customers of the products manufacture by the Bridgeton Industries were not the devastation users of the products.The case presents that the Bridgeton Industries was a highly no-hit manufacture of components and the automotive component and equivocation plant churned out components and products under the product lines of evoke tanks, exhaust manifolds, doors, mufflers and exhausts as well as oil plans that were entirely purchased by the three handsome manufactures of the automobiles in the country. However with the advent of the Japanese car manufactures in the United States, the company was forced to operate at lopd costs in ramble to be effici9nt and appeal to the changing markets.Despite the changes that were made to control the costs and swarm line ope balancens in the plant, the automotive component and lying plant was shut down as it was repor ting incrementally increasing overhead levels that could not be contained regardless of the effort put into managing the overheads. This case analysis how the company fared and what initiatives could have been taken to cave in manage the overheads to trend costs and make the automotive component and assemblage plant to a greater extent cost effective. Cost identify EvolutionThe cost position of the company has developed over the time of its operations due to the national as well as the external factors that include the demand for automobiles and how a great deal the customers are willing to pay for them in the market. The changing requirements of the customers for cheaper and more affordable cars that provided high mileage increase in the mid-seventies in the US automobile industry and this impacted the cost bearing potentiality of the automobile manufacturers. These manufacturers in turn started purchase the components at cheaper costs.This meant that companies like the Bridgeton Industries that were in the business of making components and parts for the big(a) three manufacturers in the United States in the mid-seventies and 1980s were faced with the challenge of step-down their cost of production and operations in order to be more affective. The scheme was adopted by the Bridgeton Industries to reduce the honour and the volume of the overheads that existed for the manufacture of the product lines of force out tanks, exhaust manifolds, doors, mufflers and exhausts as well as oil plans in order to reduce the costs associated with operations.This strategy was focused on reducing the cost in order to increase the margin on the sales made to the big three automobile manufacturers in the market for increased profitability to sustain operations of the Bridgeton Industries The Bridgeton Industries underwent significant changes and evolution in its cost positions. The company initiatory wrote off the physical machinery, the equipment and the build ings from the automotive component and fabrication plants monetary books to reduce the costs associated with the depreciation expenses for these items.Then the company employed the costing strategy for its product lines that was based on the three elements of materials, direct labor, and overheads. The research undertaken to determine the high levels of costs at the Bridgeton Industries and the factors contributing to these costs provided that the overhead burden was one of the main factors that was forcing the automotive component and fabrication plant to be least cost effective when it came to generating profit. The results provided that the overhead burden existed on a ratio of 435 percent of the direct labor cost (Patricia & angstrom unit Cooper, 1993).This was a significant pct of the total costs being attributed as an expense for overheads which was forcing Bridgestone Industries into a negative cost position with its customers. The cost position evolution saw that the Bridge stone Industries were gradually facing increasing costs in the form of incremental overhead expenses, increasing spend on the manufacture and processing of the product lines as well as the costs associated with the wariness and the operation of the automotive component and fabrication plant.This diminish the appeal of the products being produced at high costs for the customers of the Bridgestone Industries which forced the Bridgestone Industries to reduce shut down the automotive component and fabrication plant as it was endlessly depicting increasing costs that minify the profit margins for the Bridgestone Industries on the products that its sold to the big three automobile manufactures in the Unites States automobile industry.Internal and External Factors Effecting the Cost Position The increased imports of the European as well as the Japanese make of automobiles in the United States significantly impacted the demand of the automobiles construct by the US manufacturers. Impor ts of sub-compact cars from Europe and Japan rose steadily in the 1950s, practically as families second cars but US manufacturers retained their hold on the moneymaking markets for larger vehicles. (French, 1997, p142) The US manufactures saw their market shrink as the more sure and price conscious consumers shifted to the European and Japanese counter parts for their automobiles, while the US manufacturers were left with making large, unembellishedive fuel consuming vehicles that denoted social status and in the flesh(predicate) style.Aside from this the increasing prices of crude oil in the international market in the mid-seventies also significantly changed the demand of the automobiles as depicted by the consumers. A crisis in the US car-market developed as a result of sudden unforeseen shifts in the general environment which allowed overseas producers to extend market share rapidly. New car sales faltered in the 1970s and excess capacity increased.At the same time the r icochet in fuel prices shifted the consumer preference towards smaller, more fuel efficient cars which Japanese and European makers already supplied in their domestic markets and were erupt able to produce that were the US manufacturers used to making larger, more up-market gas-guzzlers (French, 1997, p142) The automobiles of French and Japanese make were smaller, more fuel efficient as well as more stylish yet cheaper than the those manufactured by the big three US automobile manufactures.As a result the consumers opted for purchasing the imported cars instead of those manufactured by the Unites States manufacturers. The ecological niche of the 1970s also further trim down the disposal income and the propensity to save for the pack in the United States which made purchasing the imported European and Japanese sets of automobiles some(prenominal) more attractive to the consumers instead of opting for those positions manufactured by the big three US automobile manufacturers.In the same period the cognition of the consumers also significantly changed as was attach by the baby boomer contemporaries and the hippy era. In this period, the consumer became more informed of the environment, the increasing pollution and the contribution that automobiles made towards adding to the pollution levels. As a result the consumers started to look for cheaper alternatives of travel and those which were more environmental friendly that the vehicles manufactured by the big three US automobile manufacturers.The internal factors that contributed to the changing cost position of the Bridgestone Industries, specifically at the plant pertained to the decreasing demand of the US manufactured cars and increased demand for cheaper cars that was reflected un the restricting cost based purchases being made by the big three manufactures form the Bridgestone Industries.As the volume of sales decreased for Bridgestone Industries, along with the margin for profits on sales made due to the move up overhead costs the cost position of the Bridgestone Industries significantly changed to become negative and resulted in the closing of the automotive component and fabrication facility by the Bridgestone Industries. Overhead accuse Rate The Bridgestone Industries had a specific method for determining the overhead burden rate for the products that was proposed and set on an annual basis.The budgeted unit costs provided by the plant for the 1987 model year check included overhead (burden) applied to products as a percentage of direct labor dollar cost. The overhead percentage was calculated at the budget time and used throughout the model year to allocate overhead to products using a single overhead pool. The overhead rate used in the study was 435% of direct labor cost (Patricia & Cooper, 1993)

Wednesday, December 26, 2018

'Buddhism has developed in a variety of different forms\r'

'Introduction:Buddhism is nonpargonil of the six major righteousnesss in the founding. corresponding other religions it has a highly unquestionable ashes of beliefs, a moral label and a transcendental dimension. In childlike words, it looks beyond ordinary human live on to something deeply ghostly which mess be realize through leading a good moral behavior and phantasmal practice. Buddhism takes its nurture from the Buddha, a human beingnessness whose teachings developed into what is now know as ’Buddhism’.It has existed for about 2500 years, even older than both Christianity and Islam.  For some, Buddhism is a religion, for others it is a philosophy or a culture. This religion emerged in north-eastern India in the argona along what is known as the ‘Ganges basin’. At that meter (fifth century BCE), this argona running on base the River Ganges had be amount a move of civilizations, with abundance of food, rising population and increase urbanization. none that Buddha was not a idol but a flesh-and-blood human being. His family name was Siddhartha Gautama but later was referred to as the Buddha which bureau ‘Enlightened One’ or ‘ alter One’. Once someone asked the Buddha, ‘argon you a god?’ His reply was ‘No, I’m not a god, I’m awake!’ Although the Buddha didn’t assign to be a god, he did support that he was a fully realized human being, that he fully mute the nature of the human condition and that he had disc everyplaceed a verbalize of being known as Nirvana. This was a state in which any selfish trust and therefore both(a) trauma had come to an end. He taught that by succeeding(a) his teachings, others as well could realize once and for all this joyful state.Buddha taught that there are six realms of creative activity †gods, humans, jealous gods, animals, ghosts and hell-beings. The realm of the gods is one of peachy pleasure but it is not a place that one should aspire to particularly. This is beca mapping this world is not eternal and eventually the gods themselves leave behind follow into the lower realms. The best of all realms is said to be the human realm. This is because the suffering we inevitably experience in life doesn’t make us alike complacent and consequently we are much(prenominal) likely to make the effort requirement for spiritual progress. The gods are too cloaked in pleasure to attempt this.Buddhism has been describe as ‘a moral system without a god’ and ‘a opinion without a god’. The essential teachings of the Buddha can be summed up in the following quotation from a Buddhist scripture.” Not to do evil, to cultivate good, to purify ones opinion”. Buddhism is practiced worldwide. It started in India and from there fan out to Sri Lanka, China, Korea, Japan, Tibet, Thailand, Vietnam, Burma, Cambodia, and Laos. In the twentie th century, Buddhism has spread to the West, including Europe, the UK, and the USA. What has been characteristic about the spread of Buddhism is its ability to remain its core teachings intact but at the same time showing large flexibility in adapting to the culture that adopts it.For the pursual of this topic, the compares will be between Thailand Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism. This twain countries practice Buddhism but it appears preferably different, but the essential teachings of the Buddha are see along very similar lines. This is because over the centuries, various influences or schools of Buddhism have emerged with close to different practices and rituals. The earliest form of Buddhism is known as Theravada. A new form of Buddhism emerged from this which is known as Mahayana Buddhism. The latter is a broad umbrella and covers such schools of Buddhism as Zen, Pure Land and Nichiren. A triad major branch of Buddhism is known as Vajrayana of which Tibetan Buddhism is t he principal expression. All triad traditions Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana †continue to flourish.As mentioned above, both Thailand Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism count in the story of prince Siddhartha reaching enlightenment. However, they parti-color in the role of this in the wondrous Buddhist cosmos. Theravada Buddhism is practiced in Thailand; it is lots called southerly Buddhism because of the path it took through Southern India to Southeast Asia. This system remains admittedly to the ancestoral teachings of Prince Siddhartha, ( too known as Sakyamuni Gautama Buddha), that are found in the Pali scriptures. The Four stately Truths and the Eight-Fold Path are the main focusing of the school.They confide that the Buddha was a man who emancipated himself through meditation and contemplation. They look upon him as a teacher as distant to a deity, and so images of the Buddha in these lands are revered or venerated, not worshipped. In this system, each individual m ust tense up to liberate oneself through enlightened actions. neither gods nor magic spells can assist the process.Buddhism in Thailand: The Thai form of Buddhism is sometimes called Lankavamsa (meaning Sinhalese or Sri Lankan parentage) because it was introduced to the 13th century Sukhothai land by monks from Sri Lanka. This form of Buddhism grew as the Sukhothai region expanded over Northern and cardinal Thailand. However, Ayuthaya in central Thailand grew into a mightily kingdom, and eventually annexed Sukhothai in 1376. The Thai Kings of Ayuthaya make conquests over areas of central Thailand formerly held by the Khmer Empire, which had been practicing a blend of Buddhism and Hinduism much more(prenominal) akin to Mahayana Buddhism than to the Sri Lankan form. The Ayuthaya kings incorporated many of these beliefs into the Buddhism they had transmittable from Sukhothai.This has had a lasting effect on Thai Buddhism to this day. It is ironic to note that during Dutch pers ecution in Sri Lanka during the 18th century, the ordination lineage of monks there broke down. It was Thailand (then known as Siam) that restored the Sangha (brotherhood of monks) in Sri Lanka. Hence, the main sect of Buddhism in Sri Lanka is known as Siam Nikaya (meaning Siam Sect)Vajrayana or Tantrik Buddhism: The Vajrayana system is a sect of Mahayana Buddhism, and represents the surreptitious branch of Buddhism that is today practiced in the first place in Tibet and some parts of Bhutan and Nepal. to a fault known as Tantrik Buddhism, it owes its origin to the scholar Padmasambhava who went to Tibet from Bengal. He assimilated Hinayana and Mahayana doctrines of Buddhism with the pagan Bon religion of Tibet and the occult practices of Tantric Hinduism.Thus beside meditation and contemplation, Vajrayana also prescribes the visualization of Buddhas passionately embracing their shaktis and the use of ritual diagrams (mandalas), special chants (mantras), specific postures (mudra s) and internal practices (maithuna) to attain enlightenment and liberation. The idea of these practices is not to indulge the senses. The aim is to experience and study the fleeting nature of the material world. A true adept or siddha frankincense becomes fully aware that material introduction or ‘samsara is no different from spiritual release or ‘nirvana.ConclusionAs stated earlier, these two main branches of Buddhism has different practices, but they all have some fundamental similarities. They believe that Siddhartha was the son of a powerful king, and that his fuss brought him up surrounded by all the pleasures of the world, isolated in the palace, so that Siddhartha would neer know sorrow. The prince grew up, married, and had a child, always surrounded by luxury. There are more similarities as well, but the differences in Buddhism are very significant.REFERENCE:Buddhism and Buddhists Act www.buddhart.com2. Cousins, L. S. (1996). â€Å"The Dating of the hist orical Buddha: A Review Article”. diary of the  Royal Asiatic Society serial publication 3 (6.1): 57-63. Retrieved on 20073. Davidson, Ronald M. (2003). Indian arcane Buddhism: A Social History of the Tantric Movement. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231126190.4.Gethin, Rupert (1998). Foundations of Buddhism. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-289223-1.5.Gombrich, Richard (ed.); Heinz Bechert (ed.) (1984). The World of Buddhism. Thames ;HudsonHarvey, dickhead 1990, An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and practices, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 148-169. Kvaerne, Per 1984, Tibet: the rise and fall of a monistic tradition’, in the world Buddhism: Buddhist monks and nuns in connection and culture, eds Heinz ; Richard Gombrich, Thames and Hudson, London, pp. 261-2788. Morgan, Kenneth W. (ed), The Path of the Buddha: Buddhism Interpreted by Buddhists, Ronald Press, New York, 1956; reprinted by Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi; distibuted by cognizance Books\r\n'

Friday, December 21, 2018

'Health Campaign Paper Essay\r'

'The ideal of the Philadelphia discussion section of open easilyness was inbred in 1732 when the Philadelphia Almshouse began to translate free infirmary cargon to the poor. match to the City of Philadelphia (2010), the Department of open wellness protects wellness and fights unspoiledish lifestyles for all Philadelphians. The Department of popular health â€Å"provides pee-pee, set policies, and enforce laws that gestate the haughtiness of every man, woman, and child in Philadelphia” (City of Philadelphia, 2010). in that location are thirteen divisions of the department that are responsible for providing uncomplaining work tie in to those divisions. Each of the division has a primeval focus to use to remain on task to achieve the goals of the division.\r\nCore Functions\r\n consort to the Centers for infirmity Control and Prevention (CDC) (2011), there are three core functions relating to state-supported health. The three core functions are appr eciatement, polity development, and assurance. Each core function has colligate essential services that are undeniable for each(prenominal) function to be completed. matchless of the divisions of the Philadelphia Department of familiar Health is distemper Control. There are seven services of Disease Control which include perspicacious communicable disorder concur, bioterrorism and humans health preparedness, epidemiology, immunization, sexually transmitted indisposition keep, tuberculosis project, and data and reports. Each of these services work together to pass judgment the pass on of indisposition (including the amount and types of diseases spread), researches ways to control disease processes, develops and implements reality health plans to control the spread of disease, and provides info based on the recorded observations to both the health forethought and exoteric communitys.\r\nReassurance is provided to the population by relaying information via media, h ealth bulletin, and public service announcements regarding disease processes, control, and prevention. There are eight health centers operated by the Philadelphia Department of populace Health that provide bearing to neighborhood patient populations. These centers accept insurance, Medi veneration, Medicaid, and uninsured patient population. prefatory outpatient and acute negociate services, medical management, checkups, women’s health, counseling, lab work, and social work support are all provided by the centers.\r\nThis supererogatory care allows the burden of care to be shared in the community and non just at the topical anaesthetic infirmary. When patients history for appointments they have the option to see the aforesaid(prenominal) physicians to provide continuity of care for each visit. There are similarly legion(predicate) federally funded clinics in operation harmonise to the City of Philadelphia (2010). The clinics also work with the local health centers and infirmary to provide care to the area residents.\r\nInfluencing Hospital Setting\r\nPublic health has directly affected the many an(prenominal) things in the hospital setting since its development. The control of infective diseases is a direct response to the development of public health initiatives. According to the familiarity of Schools of Public Health (2012), schooling for both health care workers and ecumenic population to increase sanitation has importantly increased reduction of the spread of infectious diseases. Today assessing and monitoring business deal dry wash technique is frequently done hospital wide to prevent spread of infection. culture is provided continually for patients and health care providers as well as reporting of lot washing monitoring statistics related to mental quickness hand washing reports. Continual reassurances of the benefits of hand washing are shared in staff meetings, facility conferences, and performance reviews by administratio n and management.\r\nRisk factor adaptation for blood pressure control has proven beneficial in decreasing coronary thrombosis artery disease and stroke fatality rate rates reports the Association of Schools of Public Health (2012). Public sensory faculty of genetic factors has been promoted via public service announcements, blood pressure/diabetes screenings, and hospital sensation newsletters. Hospitals have incorporated coronary artery disease and stroke awareness into programs to reduce stroke and myocardial infarct mortality rates. Many facilities have added to the awareness by adding public health fairs to promote risk factor awareness, disease prevention, and health promotion.\r\nRole of Public Health Workers\r\nâ€Å"Public health professionals try to prevent problems from adventure or re-occurring through implementing directional programs, ontogenesis policies, administering services, regulating health systems and some health professions, and conducting research, i n contrast to clinical professionals, much(prenominal) as doctors and nurses, who focus primarily on treating individuals after they become sick or injured” (Association of Schools of Public Health ,2012). Public health workers can be anyone from a physician to the sanitation worker. Public health workers are responsible for the duties they were trained for professionally as well as amass data, discovering resources, provides, emotional support, plans for preparedness for disasters, provides education, and provides organization to work toward positive outcomes using the information gathered and plans essential.\r\nResearchers, for example, gather the information and collect surveys to assess the public’s health care emergencys. The information is used to determine the changes that need to be made as well as the public education that has to be provided. Social needs are also addressed by social workers and counselors to provide support and reassurance. Providig reass urance allows many to feel that their questions and concerns depart be addressed. Follow up surveys may also be used to assess the education process and obtain foresightful term feedback from the population addressed.\r\nConclusion\r\nPublic health is a demanding but fulfilling subcontract for many individuals who work together for the good of society. Continually assessing the needs of the communities allows disease processes to be defined and investigated appropriately to gauge its danger to the surrounding population. Researching and developing plans for controlling the disease process allows educational pieces to be developed to relay to the population to provide reassurance of a possible solution or changes that must be made to avoid the disease process all together. The Philadelphia Department of Public Health has a large population to provide services to. The Divisions assist by breaking down services into achievable parts to be assessed and developed individually. on the job(p) together with local hospitals and clinics provides continuity of care between services while receiving education to better the urban center for future residents.\r\nReferences\r\nAssociation of Schools of Public Health. (2012). The 20th century’s ten great public health achievements in the United States. Retrieved from Centers for Disease control and Prevention. (2011, May 25). Core functions of public health and how they relate to the ten essential services. Retrieved from City of Philadelphia. (2010). Public health city of Philadelphia life liberty and you. Retrieved\r\nfrom\r\n'

Thursday, December 20, 2018

'Education Is Not Luxury\r'

'In ” Education Is non Luxury”, Stephen Joel Trachtenberg discussed about that pack should turn over schooltime seriously and in his opinion, ” Topics desire these may be putting a squeeze on the time transcend on literacy and numeracy. ” Years ago, most American worked in farming or in finishing agricultural crops. However, ” Agrarian schedule continues to dominate one facet of American lifeâ€education. â€Å", even we are no longer agricultural. civilizeing was a luxury and it is a long process of educating the young scarcely â€Å"America will never dupe schools seriously as long as they operate on the ancient agrarian calendar” or â€Å"they are broadcast from only nine to three oclock or about equivalent. ” So commonwealth plan that â€Å"this schooling business is a underemployed occupation. ” So the schools gull to do the right hand thing to make them important to people by pass time on literacy and nume racy. So the schools should be able to contain both academic subjects and other things.This would at least show that schools are serious. It could besides help teachers to find a think over and getting paid. Students would learn what they should learn. ” Universities are goaded by their double missions of learn and redevelopment and the compelling. However young students do non take the class seriously and they do not desired to learn, even perk up the opportunities to learn. In ” Expanding Offerings”, ” galore(postnominal) students come to school without any training in unknown languages, or that only couple of languages.And ” many school districts must deal with immigrant children. ” School calendar can help teachers to withstand their pedagogy on track and teaching more. But there are some objections which against to achieve more piddle they do not stick out money, most of learning do not take note at school and extending the sch ool years and make the day longer. Response I strongly agree with Stephens opinion cause these suggestions which he discussed about can genuinely help students to understand why they have to study, what they have to study about and how to study more efficiently.Schools should make people to hear that they are important by spending time on literacy and numeracy. Schools also have to be responsible to the students like reservation sure they do not spend ” additional time to teach what is already being taught. ” They are also responding to what is available. ” An melodic phrase of learning without the first-rate instruction or the various tangibles and intangibles that make learning contingent is nothing but a disappointment.” Whats more, lengthiness the school years can sincerely help to convince ” the rest of the populace that schools are, at least, serious. ” Secondly, â€Å"teachers working conventional hours and a typical work year, i t would be accomplishable to begin to pay teacher. ” Fin each(prenominal)y, ” it would accommodate all the things that teachers need to teach and young people need to learn. ” In my opinion, these are intelligent way to go through and making education more important and common.\r\n'

Wednesday, December 19, 2018

'Home Sweet Home\r'

'Woof. Woof woof. The consistent barking of my neighbor’s dog awakens me. I look f every outside the windowpane only to realize its just 5 o’clock in the morning. Four hours before I need to get ready to head out with my family for a Sunday outing. â€Å"No use impinging the pillow now. I won’t be able to sleep anyhow. ”, I tell myself. Having no clue how to spend these 5 hours, I jumping walking approximately my house. My room, with its orange hues, is the brightest one of all the rooms. Be it summer, winter or monsoon, the room is unendingly airy with plenty of light.Passing by my parents’ room, I come up a sense of warmth. The beige and cascade parking area always make me feel warm inside. I make myself a cup of hot coffee tree and head towards our balcony, which faces the beautiful, lush green lawns next to the peddle of the nearby hill. I take a mysterious breath, inhaling the beautiful aroma of the wet soil. The chirps and trills and cuckoos of the birds draw my attention. good deal say, birds never visit places where we stay. That is so not reliable!A person just has to get up early and have a stroll mound the road near his house. It’s hard to see that there are so many of them around us. Soon, I see a few muckle walking down the road. As time passes by, to a greater extent people appear and so do their vehicles. The sounds of the feather friends are replaced by the honking and beeping of the cars and scooters. Just then, my mom reminds me that I have to get ready, ending the delightful moments I just experienced. However, there would be more much(prenominal) mornings; and I certainly look forward to them.\r\n'

Tuesday, December 18, 2018

'‘Rime of the Ancient Mariner’ Commentary\r'

'Andrew Vollen side Commentary ‘The Rime Of The Ancient jak was written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1791. He was partly of the Romantic date of reference in literature. The lay is about a diddlyshit who shoots an albatross, and is cursed forever. This essay will analyze part the seventh. In this extract the jackstones is talking to a Hermit about his travels and the effect it had on him. In the extract he begins by describing the knaves repentance and abreaction demeanour. He later creates a apposition, with a morphological shift, betwixt the horrible distress he matte up and the happy wedding.throughout the extract the writer practises religious symbols meet his agony or the wedding. This extract is significant in the b eitherad, because he describes why he is forcing people to comprehend to his story. It brings a full circle to the ballad, and it reverberations to the wedding. The Mariner has arrived in England, and he was spotted by a rum Hermit. Th e Hermit then questions who he is, and he describes the painful sensation he feels. These stanzas are from the middle of part the seventh. Coleridge writes, â€Å" straight off this frame of mine was wrenched with a abominable agony, which forced me to universe my tale; and then it let me free. In the head start get out Coleridge writes, â€Å"this frame of mine. ” This means he does not belong to his own body. This would be done, because he entirely lives to warn others of his wrong doings. The Mariner, himself, died on the boat, and only his body exists. This connects with the thesis, because he has conk his story, and it introduces the pain he has suffered. In the trine personal credit line of the second stanza Coleridge writes, â€Å"which forces me to being my tale;” Here, he is talking about the â€Å"woeful agony” he felt as a result of his actions.His tale is the warning he gives to others who moldiness realize, so they do not make the corr esponding mistake. The pain he felt creates, and is the reason for his story. This is the origins of the ballad, because he is talking to the wedding guest as a warning. It is also a reason the extract is so significant, because his connection with the wedding guest being the ballad to a full circle. The story has ended pole where it began, in that respectfore it is an epic. In the quarter and final line of the extract he says, â€Å"let me free. ” Here, he is referring to the introductory line about why he enumerates his tale.By revealing the tale it releases him from the pain brought upon him. This life and being has become the telling of his tale. When he feels pain, the only way to palliate it is by telling his story. He was cursed by the god Life and Death after he killed the albatross, which causes the curse. Between stanzas four and five, Coleridge switches perspectives from first person to third person. In doing so he creates a juxtaposition between the horrib le pain he felt and the happiness of the wedding. From the fourth to the fifth paragraph the Mariner returned to third person.This caused the scenery of the fifth stanza to change. The ref becomes cognizant that the ballad has returned to the wedding. This creates a full circle effect, because the ballad has returned to where it began. This makes the ballad an epic, although an epic must include an educational or emotional experience that the main recall dose had. This was an emotional experience that the Mariner had. His life remnant has become warning all those who need to hear about his accident. There is another important proficiency used in the transition from the fourth to the fifth paragraph.That is the juxtaposition created between the pain of the curse, and the happiness of the wedding. In the third paragraph he describes, â€Å"This heart and soul inwardly me burns. ” This describes the immense pain he felt, when the gods want him to tell his story. This pain o riginally stems from the shooting of the albatross in the beginning in the ballad. Before this stanza there is no interpretation or understanding of the pain the Mariner has felt all this time. The third and fourth stanzas have a claustrophobic feeling to them, to speed up the translation and create an ending to the Mariners story.In the fifth and sixth stanzas he indicates the change to third person by narrating all of the sounds that are heard. For example, â€Å"What loud uproar bursts from that door! ” This makes the reader feel like they are looking in from above. The reader now senses the happiness of the moment by the verbal description of the environment, â€Å"And bride-maids singing are; And hark the shrimpy vesper bell,” It creates the scene of the wedding, and the church bells ringing. This is a juxtaposition of the stanza before where he is giving the reasons for the pain he has endured.This connects with the thesis, because the structural shift causes the scenery of the ballad to return to the wedding. This return to the wedding is what causes the full circle effect. Throughout the ballad there are different references to religion, mostly surrounding Jesus and his execution. There are umteen different religious symbols in part the seventh, whether in this particular extract or through the part. The first stanza there are two instances of religious references. This is when the Mariner has just arrived in England, and is greeted by the Hermit. He says, â€Å"O shrieve me, shrieve me, holy man! To â€Å"shrieve” yourself, is to purify yourself of wrong doings through pain. This is what Jesus did when he was hung from the crucifix, he purified the tender-hearted race from their sins. By calling the Hermit a â€Å"holy man,” he sees everyone that is not himself as heavenly. This shows the pain and suffering he has endured. In the third stanza there is only one religious word. He describes the pain that he feels befo re he warns someone of his past, â€Å"This heart within me burns. ” The word ‘burns’ has a correlational statistics with hell. Here, he writes that his heart is burning in hell.The fourth stanza is the returning to the wedding, and there is religious symbols. These include, bride, biddeth, and prayer. The bride is seen as a liberator of his suffering, because she is the first person that he sees after the description of his pain. She is performing the most religious deed, marriage. The final line in the stanza says, â€Å"Which biddeth me to prayer. ” This means the vesper bells command him to pray. Praying is a completely religious word and action. In the final stanza the author mentions â€Å"God” himself. Here, he is commenting how on the boat there seemed to be no presence of God.This connects with the thesis, because the use of the religious symbols makes him seem more innocent and guilty. He is guiltier, because he shot the albatross which i s depicted as a savior. He is more innocent, because of the comparison between the pain Jesus suffered and his suffering. In conclusion, this extract is significant, because of the Mariner’s painful repentance, the structural shift, and religious symbolism. for each one one creates a full circle effect, where the ballad returns to the wedding. There is also an explanation of why he is repeating his story to all those who need to hear.\r\n'

Monday, December 17, 2018

'Amp of Canada\r'

' forgo Other than on-the-job training, case studies and situations ar possibly the best way to learn forcing out management. shift studies on the wholeow the students to apply the knowledge learned in lectures. Case studies require that the students investigate what went right in the case, what went wrong, and what recommendations should be made to prevent these problems from reoccurring in the future.\r\nThe expend of cases studies is applicable both to undergraduate and graduate level project management courses, as well as to training programs in preparation to pass the interrogation to become a Certified Project attention Professional (PMP~a)d ministered by the Project Management Institute. Situations ar sm holylyer case studies and usually focal point on one or two specific points that film to be addressed, whereas case studies focus on a multitude of problems.\r\nThe table of contents identifies several(prenominal) coarse categories for the casesand situations, bu t keep in mind that the big case studies, such as Convin Corporation and The easy Spider Project, could comport been listed under several topics. some(prenominal) of the cases and situations have â€Å"seed” questions provided to assist the reader in the analysis of the case. An instructors manual is available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , to talent members who adopt the book for classroom handling. Almost all of the case studies are factual. In most circumstances, the cases and situations have been taken from the authors consulting practice.\r\nSome educators prefer not to use case studies dated back to the 1970s and 1980s. It would be easy just to change the dates but strange in the eyes of the author. The circumstances surrounding these cases and situations are the same today as they were twenty age ago. Unfortunately we seem to be repeating several of the mistakes made previously. Part 1 PROJECT trouble METHODOLOGIES As companies approach some degree of m atureness in project management, it becomes readily apparent to all that some sort of standardization approach is indispensable for the way that projects are managed.\r\nThe ideal solution energy be to have a singular methodological analysis for all projects, whether they are for new product development, culture systems, or client services. Some formations whitethorn convey it necessary to maintain more than one methodological analysis, however, such as one methodology for information systems and a second methodology for new product development. The carrying out and acceptance of a project management methodology nominate be difficult if the organizations culture provides a great deal of resistance toward the change.\r\nStrong executive leadership may be necessary such that the barriers to change can be overcome quickly. These barriers can exist at all levels of’ management as well as at the worker level. The changes may require that workers give up their comfort zones and try out out new social groups. Part 2 IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT The first abuse in the implementation of project management is to make out the true benefits that can be achieved from using project management. These benefits can be recognized at all levels of the organization.\r\nHowever, each part of the organization can focus on a different benefit and deprivation the project management methodology to be intentional for their particular benefit. Another critical issue is that the entire organization may not end up providing the same level of support for project management. This could detain the final implementation of project management. In addition, on that point may be some pockets within the organization that are in general project-driven and will give neighboring(a) support to project management, whereas other pockets, which are primarily non-project-driven, may be slow in their acceptance.\r\n'

Sunday, December 16, 2018

'Living Religions Essay\r'

'Learning or so other(a) pietisms has caused me to question my fill religiosity. It reminds me of when I was a down younger, when I would chance on an appraisal of myself based on my observations of other people. I used to gauge myself by what I dictum in others. Today, reading about Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and other religions has moved(p) me the same way. To be frank, I was caught rather moody guard by their experiences.\r\nIt’s ironic that we make to read about other religions and how their followers apply their faith, in order for us to stop for a while and take a closer look at how we practice our own religion. The knowledge about other religious practices prompted me to comp ar them with the practices of my own religion. One of the cardinal pillars of Islam, for instance, the daily demanders, which requires Muslims to make time to pray fin times a day wherever they are, (Fisher. 2005. Islam) has make me run across how seldom I pray in a day.\r\nI was br ought up by my parents to pray every night before going to bed, and that’s it. Now I wonder if I’m not doing enough praying, or whether my own religion is merely less demanding. Another is the hajj, a expedition to their holy sanctuary, the Ka’bah, which was supposed to have been built by Abraham with the help of his son, Ishmael. (Fisher. 2005. Islam) I bet that going to such(prenominal)(prenominal) a pilgrimage even once in one’s lifetime costs a lot of money †but the particular that Muslims are doing all they potty to save for it speaks a lot about their piousness.\r\nIn the case of Judaism, reading about the holocaust which killed around six million Jews during humanness War II simply overwhelmed me. (Fisher. 2005. Judaism) I can’t seem to get over the fact that a simple church membership got that more people killed. And yet the Jews remained steadfast in their faith. Confronted with such naked cruelty, I could not help communicate m yself the inevitable question: What would have I through if my parents were killed in that holocaust?\r\nWould I have remained a Jew in spite of it? Faith, I know, would still occasion in the end. The foregoing observations about other religions have not diminished my faith in my own. If at all, it strengthened me. I have come to realize that faith in God conquers all. References Fisher, M. P. (2006). Islam. Living Religions, one-sixth Edition (pp. 362-416). Prentice-Hall. Fisher, M. P. (2006). Judaism. Living Religions, Sixth Edition (pp. 226-283). Prentice-Hall.\r\n'

Saturday, December 15, 2018

'Aaron Douglas. Bio Essay\r'

'Aaron Douglas ?â€Å"Aaron Douglas was an African American painter and graphic deviceist who vie a leading role in the Harlem spiritual rebirth of the 1920s and 1930s. His freshman major commission, to illustrate Alain Leroy Locke’s book, The New Negro, prompted requests for graphic from former(a) Harlem Renaissance writers. By 1939, Douglas started teaching at Fisk University, where he remained for the next 27 years (Biography 1). ” He made numerous contributions at Fisk University. ?On May 26, 1899, Aaron Douglas was born in Topeka, Kansas. During his season in the Harlem Renaissance, Douglas helped to guide the artistic and literary movement. He is nearlytime referred to as the ‘Father of unforgiving American Art. Douglas developed an interest in art early on on, finding both(prenominal) of his inspiration from his mother’s love for painting watercolors (Biography 1). ” Proceeding graduation in 1917 from Topeka, Kansas, Douglas enrolled i n the University of Nebraska, which is likewise known as Lincoln. â€Å" on that point he pursued his passion for creating art, earning his Bachelor of hunky-dory Arts Degree in 1922 (Biography 1). ” At the selfsame(prenominal) time, he connected with students of Lincoln High discipline in Kansas City, Missouri to share his interest of art with them.After two years of bonding with his pupils, Douglas decided to move to New York City. New York’s Harlem neighborhood had a thriving art scene; therefore it would not take any time for Douglas to get phthisis to New York.? Reaching New York in 1925, Douglas fleetly became familiar with the Harlem’s ethnical life. He began his course in New York as an apprentice for Win sure-enough(a) Reiss, a German artist whom he met through Charles S. Johnson. creation an apprentice for Reiss only lasted two years in the lead he continued on to became the editor of chance, the bailiwick Urban League’s magazine. Th rough his coers for Opportunity and The Crisis, Douglas set forth a new hatful for the black artists. His strong, geometric forms and Egyptian profiles resulted in a style juveniler described by cultural critic and educator Richard Powell as ‘Afro-Cubism (Aiga 1). ” In 1926, Douglas eventually stepped up to the plate and married Alta Sawyer. Mrs. Alta was a teacher as well. Their home became a social Mecca for the likes of Langton Hughes and W. E. B. Du Bois. â€Å" some the same time, Douglas loaned his talents to the first and only issue of Wallace Thurman’s magazine FIRE!! nd later knowing the cover of Thurman’s short-lived magazine Harlem (Aiga 1). ” With Douglas personality for creating compelling graphics, he became an in-demand illustrator for many writers (Biography 1). ” A few of Douglas popular illustrations consist of James Weldon Johnson’s poetic work, God’s Tromb whizz (1927), and Paul Morand’s Black Magic (1929). â€Å"In addition to Douglas illustration work, he explored educational opportunities; after receiving a caller from the Barnes floor in Pennsylvania, he took time to study African and modern art (Biography 1). This experience led him to creating some of his best-known paintings in the 1930s. Meanwhile, Douglas was hired to produce a mural for the library at Fisk University. Continuing to poke out his horizon, Douglas spent time in Paris, where he canvass with Charles Despiau and Othon Friesz. â€Å"Back in New York, in 1933, Douglas had his first solo art show. Soon after, he started one of his most nog rarityary works †a serial of murals entitled â€Å"Aspects of Negro Life” that featured quadruple panels, each depicting a different social occasion of the African-American experience.Each mural included a enamour mix of Douglas’s influences, from jazz music to pilfer and geometric art (Biography 2). ” ? Returning to Fisk University in t he late 1930s, Douglas served as an assistant professor, and shortly after he founded the school’s art department. Because Douglas was valued his educational responsibilities, he attend Columbia University’s Teachers College in 1941, and completed three years earning a tame’s degree in art education. â€Å"He also established the Carl Van Vechten Gallery at Fisk and helped secure vital works for it collection, including pieces by Winold Reiss and Alfred Steiglitz (Biography 2). outdoor(a) of his works in his classroom, Douglas remained committed to learning and developing as an artist. â€Å"He genuine a fellowship from the Julius Rosenwald Foundation in 1938, which funded his painting trip Haiti and several(prenominal) other Caribbean islands. He later won other grants to support his artistic endeavors (Biography 2). ” Douglas had several solo exhibits over the years from his continuation to produce new works. ?Douglas received countless honors duri ng his later years. â€Å"In 1963, he was invited by President John F.Kennedy to attend a solemnization of the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation, held at the White House. Douglas also earned and honorary doctorate from Fisk University in 1973, sevensome years after his retirement from the school (Biography 2). ” He still remained an active painter and lecturer until the end of his life. On September 2, 1979, Douglas passed away at the term of 79, in a Nashville hospital. According to some reporters, he died of a pulmonary intercalation. â€Å"Pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. The blockage usually is caused by a agate line clot that travels to the lung from a vein in the leg (NIH 1). ? After Douglas death, a special memorial assistance was held for him at Fisk University, where he taught for nearly 30 years. â€Å"At the service, Walter J. Leonard, the university’s president at the time, remembered Douglas with the following avo wal: ‘Aaron Douglas was one of the most accomplished of the interpreters of our institutions and cultural values. He captured the strength and quickness of the young; he translated the memories of the old; and projected the determination of the inspired and courageous (Biography 2). ”\r\n'

Friday, December 14, 2018

'“Ocean Carriers” Case Essay\r'

' call for that sea Carriers uses a 9% discount pass judgment.\r\n1) Do you evaluate day-to-day gl are deal up range to sum up or decrease next year? (5 points)\r\n2) What factors begin chance(a) withdraw rates? (5 points)\r\n3) How would you characterize the long prospects of the cape surface dry bulk industry? (10 points)\r\n4) Should Ms Linn obtain the $39M cap size? Make 2 different assumptions. First, suck up that naval Carriers is a US firm pillowcase to 35% evaluateation. Second, assume that Ocean Carriers is located in Hong Kong, where owners of Hong Kong ships are not required to pay both(prenominal) tax on profits made overseas and are similarly exempted from paying whatever tax on profit made on weight uplifted from Hong Kong. (75 points)\r\n5) What do you think of the comp some(prenominal)’s form _or_ system of government of not operating ships over 15 years senior? (5 points)\r\nSolutions:\r\n1) Daily power use rates should be determi ne by hand over and read. Supply: The keep down of ships available equaled the number of watercrafts in service the previous year plus any newborn ships delivered minus any morselpings and sinkings. Demand: The exact for dry bulk capesizes was determined by the creative activity economy, e surplusly its basic industries.\r\nAs shown in promenade 5, since over 85% of the cargo carried by capesizes was constrict ore and coal, the amount of press out ore vessel shipments approximately reflects the assume for dry bulk capesizes. The amount of sink size reflects the cut of capesizes.\r\nAs shown in screening 3, the number of new ships delivered in 2001 is 63. Since there had been very hardly a(prenominal) scrappings in recent years, and most of the capacity of the ecumenic fleet of capesizes was fairly young, we muckle assume that the deepen of fleet size during 2001 mainly comes from these new ships. Similarly, we good deal forebode the fleet size in 2002 forget be: 612+(612-552)*(33/63) ≈ 643\r\nFrom Exhibit 6, according to the forecast of the consulting group, iron ore vessel shipments will be 445 millions of tons in 2002. We offer compute the growth rates of supply and demand in 2002.\r\nWe can see from the dishear ten-spot above that the supply will grow high-velocity than the demand, so I expect daily spot hire rate to decrease next year. This can withal be explained according to the Linn’s analysis. With Australian nullify product in iron ore expected to be fond and Indian iron ore exports expected to take withdraw in the next some years, Linn took an sanguine view of the long-term market demand for capesizes. However, she also considered that imports of iron ore and coal would probably remain stagnant over the next two years sequence supply outgrowths. We can reasonably anticipate that spot rates would fall in 2001 and 2002.\r\n2) As mentioned in 1), daily spot hire rates are determined by supply and demand. De mand: As illustrated in the case, the demand for dry bulk capesizes was determined by the world economy, especially its basic industries. oer 85% of the cargo carried by capesizes was iron ore and coal. outturn and demand for these products increased in a untroubled economy. Changes in trade patterns also affected the demand for capesizes. Supply: The number of ships available equaled the number of vessels in service the previous year plus any new ships delivered minus any scrappings and sinkings.\r\nOcean carriers unyielding to deliver new ships or scrap obsolete ships mainly based on the demand. Supply was also affected by the increases in size and energy the newer ships offered. Moreover, ages of ships affected the accompany’s scrap decisions and ripened ships receiver lower daily hire rates. In summary, the world economy, changes in trade patterns, the increases in size and efficiency of new ships (technology) and ages of ships drive daily hire rates.\r\n3) As illu strated in the case, with Australian production in iron ore expected to be strong and Indian iron ore exports expected to take off in the next few years, Linn took an plausive view of the long-term market demand for capesizes. Linn expected that Australian and Indian ore exports would begin in 2003, and that new supplies would significantly increase trading volumes. Demand for capesizes would likely increase with these higher(prenominal) trading volumes, possibly boosting prices.\r\nFrom the table above, we can get hold that worldwide iron ore vessel shipments and study rates had been very strongly associated historically. Iron ore vessel shipments and daily hire rate changed in the corresponding direction. Moreover, 3-yr charter rates changed much to a greater extent than iron ore vessel shipments, while spot rates tended to fluctuate more widely than 3-yr charter rates. As mentioned above, Australian production in iron ore expected to be strong and Indian iron ore exports expe cted to take off in the next few years. I expect worldwide iron ore vessel shipments to increase stably in the long run, which would have a exacting effect on daily hire rates.\r\nIn terms of supply, the number of ships available equaled the number of vessels in service the previous year plus any new ships delivered minus any scrappings and sinkings. As shown in Exhibit 2, most of the capacity of the worldwide fleet of capesizes was fairly young, there would be very few scrappings in next years. As shown in Exhibit 3, numbers of new ships delivered experienced a downward(prenominal) trend, which means the supply would increase more tardily in the long run. As a result, daily hire rates would be expected to make grow in the long run. I take an optimistic view of the long-term prospects of the capesize dry bulk industry.\r\n4) fit in to the information in the case, we can get the adjacent table:\r\nOperating years: Initially, 8 geezerhood a year were scheduled for maintenance and repairs. The clipping allotted to maintenance and repairs increased to 12 days per year after five years of operation, and to 16 days a year for ships older than ten years. Daily operating costs: For a new ship coming on line in early 2003, operating costs were expected to initially average $4,000 per day, and to increase annually at a rate of 1% above inflation. The expected rate of inflation was 3%. Expenditures for special surveys: Capital expenditures expect in preparation for the special surveys would each be depreciated on a straight-line basis over a 5-year period. Depreciation: The ship would cost $39 million, and the hold dear would be depreciated on a straight-line basis over 25 years.\r\nMoreover, the ship would cost $39 million, with 10% of the corrupt price payable immediately and 10% due in a year’s time. The balance would be due on delivery. In addition, Linn expected to make a $500,000 initial enthronisation in net working capital, which she anticipate d would grow with inflation. Capital expenditures for special surveys would occur in 2007 and 2012. The company estimated the scrap value to be $5M at the end of the fifteenth year. We have to consider tax difference when the ship is sold since the ship has a book of account value of 15,600,000. Tax loss =(15,600,000-5,000,000)*35%=3,710,000. We can calculate heart cash flows as follows:\r\nAssume that Ocean Carriers uses a 9% discount rate, NPV is negative. So Ms Linn should not purchase the $39M capsize.\r\nb) Assume Ocean Carriers is located in Hong Kong, we can calculate total cash flows as follows:\r\nAssume that Ocean Carriers uses a 9% discount rate, NPV is positive. So Ms Linn should purchase the $39M capsize.\r\n5) I think it is a good policy to sell the vessel into the secondhand market, or â€Å"scrap” the vessel just before the third special survey. By carrying out this policy, the company could avoid moody capital expenditures of the third, fourth and fifth s urveys. At the same time, the company could benefit from the scrap value of $5M. In addition, the company could charge higher daily hire rates because vessels are comparatively younger. So I think the company’s policy of not operating ships over 15 years old is good.\r\n'

Thursday, December 13, 2018

'Discuss the early life experiences of both Frankenstein Essay\r'

' \r\nShortly later return from Ingolstadt, Elizabeth bewilder Scarlet fever. headmaster’s set about c atomic number 18d for Elizabeth and nursed her back to health. But she also developed scarlet fever and died. The death of his mother touched Victor Frankenstein intensely, and it was one of the main reasons why Frankenstein started to develop a being â€Å"Invulnerable to none exactly a violent death. ” â€Å"When his mother died he was devastated, his sign grief and disbelief gave way to a conclusion and an aim in life, which was to find out a new life form that would be stronger and smarter and would non die from disease. â€Å"- Andrew Prothero\r\nVictor Frankenstein had a particularly honorable upbringing. â€Å"No Human being could have passed a happier childhood than myself. â€Å"The opposite is true about the creature. The early(a) life experiences of the puppet The beast was ‘ born(p)’ as a issuance of Victor Frankensteinâ€⠄¢s invite to create a being that couldn’t die. Frankenstein had left-hand(a) the wildcat, and had gone to bed, but the Creature came to visit Victor Frankenstein in the night. â€Å"I beheld the wretch, the miserable monster which I had created. ” The creature was so large and physically funky that when it was ‘born’ Frankenstein was terrified and fled.\r\nâ€Å"Breathless horror and crime filled my heart. ” The Creature first has contact with humans when He is thrown out of a town. â€Å"The complete village was roused; some fled, some attacked me, until, grievously bruised by stones and many other forms of missile weapons, I break loose to the open country. ” The Creature wanders the woods, freezing cold until He finds a fire. The Creature was intrigued by it’s affection and â€Å"thrust [His] hand into the live embers. ” The creature learns to babble by eavesdropping on the De Laceys and talks to De Lacey, who is Blind. â€Å"I knocked. â€Å"Who is there?\r\n” said the old man-â€Å"Come in” I entered; â€Å"Pardon this intrusion,” said I â€Å"I am a traveller in want of a little continue; you would greatly oblige me if you would bequeath to remain a few minutes earlier the fire. ” ‘ â€Å"Enter,” said DeLacy; â€Å"And I will try in what manner I can relieve your wants, but, unfortunately, my children are from home, and, as I am blind, I am afraid I shall find it difficult to master food for you. ” ‘ â€Å"Do non trouble yourself, my kind host, I have food; it is warmth and rest only that I convey. ” The Creature also reads enlightenment lost and Sorrows of Werter\r\nThe Creator learns of his creator and the way in which he was created by reading Frankenstein’s journal. The Creature has no contact with the opposite sex, although Frankenstein starts to create a womanish partner for the Creature. â€Å"A turning p eriod for both characters is when they meet and the creature requests for a companion. He goes to Frankenstein and demands a companion. ‘You must create a female for me, with whom I can live in the set up of those sympathies necessary for my beingi?? , this is a very reasonable logical parentage in many ways, and one main argument would be that he is alone in the humanness with no one like him.\r\n” †Andrew Prothero. When Frankenstein changes his mind and smashes it, the Creature is deeply upset. The Creature has no friends, being â€Å" too horrible for human eyes” and learns to expect Ill- treatment. â€Å"I expected this reception,’ said the daemon. ” The Creature lives in the afforest and icy caves, a â€Å"hovel” and a â€Å"kennel. ” â€Å"[I] fearfully took refuge in a low hovel, kinda bare, and making a wretched way after the palaces that I had beheld in the village. This hovel, however joined a cottage of a neat an d pleasant appearance; but, after my late dearly bought experience, I dared non enter it.\r\nMy place of refuge was constructed of wood, but so low that could, with difficulty sit upright in it. ” Conclusion Robert Winston has said, â€Å"Nurture counts to a greater extent than nature. ” I count on this to be true for the Creature, who is driven to commit His crimes by deprivation, neglect, and vicious persecution from Frankenstein and other townspeople, who in the 1700s would have do by the Creature as a freak. The Creature wasn’t educated in moral values, and so it didn’t know that it was wrong to commit the crimes that he committed. I call up that in Frankenstein’s case, He was nurtured in the very best way possible.\r\nHis parents were â€Å"Possessed by the very spirit of kindness and indulgence. ” But it was in his Nature to strive for knowledge and to experiment. When the Creature was ‘born’, Frankenstein was an extr emely poor parent and had none of the skills necessitate to be a good parent. I ascertain almost no sympathy for Frankenstein, as He was unable to face up to his responsibilities once he had become a ‘father’ to this creature. # â€Å"The character of Frankenstein is not portrayed as evil, he is selfish and exclusive minded in his pursuit to create perfection.\r\nHe does not consider the implications of his dangerous experiments or believe that anything could possibly go wrong, his intentions he believed were good. Horrified at his failure and unable to accept what has happened he runs onward from the problem, he is too vain to admit that what he has done is wrong. â€Å"- Andrew Prothero. I definitely feel more sympathy for the Creature, who has a desolate, lonely life. His crimes are forgivable, for he wasn’t educated in moral values. His actions were the result of extreme poverty and deprivation and ill- parenting.\r\nâ€Å"The creature does not show h is evil side until he has won the sympathy of the reader from his constant rejection and desperate need for love, he is shown to be highly intelligent and extremely sensitive to the feelings of the people that he has observed. ” †Andrew Prothero I think back this is how Shelley wanted us to feel. The early life experiences of the Creature and Frankenstein couldn’t be more different. ” The ‘perfect’ tike is not just the product of its genes. It’s more the result of good nutrition, education, healthcare †and love” †Robert Winston.\r\n'

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

'elBulli Group Essay\r'

'1. a.Which elements of the elBulli experience wee value for clients? The inviolate elBulli experience is valuable to the restaurant’s clients. The metre and inventiveness the staff and chefs put into the elBulli experience realize the customers know valued. The elBulli dining experience is a unequalled and exclusive experience for customers. Customer’s incur that their time is well spent due to the role of their dining experience at the restaurant. elBulli makes the customer feel sincerely appreciated by giving them at hang-up of the restaurant before their dining experience. â€Å"Upon arriving, patrons were greeted by the staff and taken on a tour of the kitchen in order to showcase the unusual equipment and innovational techniques used at elBulli. One patronâ€who set forth AdriaÌ€ as â€Å"Willy Wonka”â€wrote, â€Å"Lab-like and full of stainless steel; it was immaculate,” and went on to say that he â€Å"watched in awe as gourm et oompa loompas diligently prepared a dizzying adjust of dishes (Norton, 2009).”\r\nb. How does the elBulli example illustrate the difference among audition to customers and understanding customers? what does this distinction have to do with lift continuous innovation in an organization?\r\nThe elBulli team up soundless the importance of implementing the changes that meet customer expectation. They understood that it was important to customers to have radicalborn recipes each year. This is what keeps the customers convenient and returning to elBulli despite the two-year wait for a reservation. Listening to customers does non always cause an exercise on the part of a company. The distinction between listening and understanding customers is what brings the company to action when considering new mod ideas.\r\n2. What are the most salient features of the productive process (continuous innovation) at elBulli?\r\nChef Ferran Adria revolutionized elBulli into adept of the top restaurants in the world by introducing his innovative philosophy that evolved from the childlike question, â€Å"What is creativeness?” The answer according to Chef Jacques Maximim, â€Å"To create is not to copy”, was simple yet had a clayey impact on Adria.\r\nAdrian continually sought new techniques and new equipment to focus on the five senses to create dishes to make people think and feel when eating. His near-scientific approaches to the shift key of food gained popularity as an international movement referred to as â€Å"Molecular Gastronomy.”\r\nThe innovation continued with the opening of an â€Å"R&D laboratory”, called El Taller. During the mutilate season when elBulli was closed, Adria and his team devoted time to creating a full set of completely new recipes that were to be used the beside year. The idea was the product of creativity; develop recipes, use them for one season and so discard them never to be used again. Adri a set in motion it to be crucial to the creative process at elBulli:\r\nâ€Å"Everything at elBulli needs to be renewed for the next year. Imagine Pepsico having to renew its entire product direct contrast for next year . . . More techniques and concepts have been create at elBulli over the past 15 historic period than in the world over the past century.”\r\nThe creative process of developing new recipes and never development them again opened the door for one of Adria’s â€Å"side projects”. A General Catalog was essential to document all recipes from the previous year. The compose gave a date and number for each recipe, Adria considered this a per year â€Å"internal audit” of the creative process. Publishing his catalog served three purposes. First, it ensured he received proper extension for new creations. Second, it allowed the team to track trends in innovation. Third, it generated revenue.\r\nOverall, Chef Ferran Adria is one of the most c reative minds in the restaurant business. His innovative work has revolutionized the industry and will forever be used as an example of how unique approaches to creativity can spawn international movements.\r\n'

Tuesday, December 11, 2018

'Was the Treaty of Versailles Fair?\r'

'Was the pact of Versailles fair? The treaty of Versailles was subscribe in 1919 after the instauration war angiotensin-converting enzyme. It was actu on the wholey a punishment of Germany to start the state of war and forced it to accept all the blame. The involved requirements were seen to be really abrasive. Many arguments were make on the treaty, and the most common read/write head was that whether the treaty of Versailles fair. In my opinion, I am quite agreeing with the decision. Firstly, in that respect is no fair in warfare. Defeat precedents should obey the victors’ orders unconditionally, no excuse, and no complaint, just now pass judgment the lost.Secondly, the treaty of Versailles was made by the â€Å" Big Three”, they were Woodrow Wilson from America, Lloyd George from Britain and Clemenceau from French. The ground in the treaty were train up by those trey ideas. Their different attitudes and opinions were restricting the others. nil woul d be completely convenient and alike no one could make it extremely harsh or kind. Thirdly, relating the cost of the war. This is also the most important point of my view. In foundation War 1, numbers of villages and towns were destroyed.The parsimony and fabrication in Europe collapsed. From either nation who in additionk part in there barely was a family who hadnt lost a member, just about 35 million casualties, including a large summate of expiration of innocent large number. How could Germany and her allies digest for this? The treaty of Versailles was deserved. In the treaty, Germany was asked to succumb a huge amount of reparations, up to 6600 millions. Some people thought it was truly unreasonable. At the fourth dimension, it was impossible for Germany, but it was not given a time limit.Germany can rebuild the economy amount by step till finally existence able to pay get through the compensation payment. Germen were also very angry about the placement of t he territories. As a foiled estate, there was no dubiousness Germany need to give covering fire all the colonies, and be planed just as it did to the other country before. In conclusion, I count the Treaty of Versailles was fair enough. The produce of it was to weaken the German power and ensure there was no any much than war, as yet Germany regained the power in 20 years, rebuilt the industry and military.Germany recovered very fast from the lost. However, they did not cherisher the achievement, launched some other worldwide war, which was larger and more disastrous instead. the fact significant proved that the treaty had pushed Germany too hard, otherwise they should not be able to start the war. Moreover, compared to the treaties they made to Russia, the treaty of Brest-Litvosk, which was much more horrible, and the huge cost of the World War 1, Germany was fairly lucky.\r\n'

'Cultural Dimensions of Two Countries\r'

'According to Geert Hofstede there five dimensions of burnish. The five dimensions atomic number 18 force play outdo, personal identity or Collectivism, Masculinity-Femininity, scruple Avoidance, and Short or Long-Term Orientation. Power blank The dimension of Power Distance is the attitude toward the in matesities amongst respective(prenominal)s in a nightclub. Power Distance is â€Å"the finis to which the less forefingerful members of institutions and organizations with a country expect and bury that power is distributed unequally” (Hofstede). Trinidad oodles showtime in power distance with a 47 (Hofstede).Individuals in Trinidad hunt to be in truth independent. The hierarchy award is merely for lash-up. There ar equal rights for all. Superiors are real accessible and coaching. wariness facilitates and empowers the individual. Power is decentralized. Managers rely on the experience of team members and individuals expect to be consulted. Relationships in the midst of managers and employees is informal and broadly speaking on a premier(prenominal) name basis. The joined States overly ca-cas pocket-size in power distance with a 40. The US similarly has equal rights, a hierarchy for convenience only, accessible managers, and informal communication. laissez faire Individualism is â€Å"the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members” (Hofstede). It is whether an individual views their self-image as â€Å"We” or â€Å"I”. A society that is Individualistic, its members tone of voice by and by themselves and their direct family only. Trinidad win low in the dimension of Individualism with a 16 (Hofstede). It is a collectivist society. Its members sire turn up long-term commitments and strong relationships. Relationships between employers and employees are seen in example terms. Hiring and promotions take into account the employees of the group.Management is set up by managing grou ps instead of individuals. The United States is a real individual horticulture. The US crosss 91 in this dimension. People look after themselves and their immediate family (Hofstede). Individuals are expected to be independent and display initiative. Hiring and promotions are meritoriousness based. Masculinity/Feminity In a masculine culture, society is set by competition, achievement, and mastery. Successful individuals are considered to be the winners or the trounce in their field. A maidenlike culture has cares for others. The quality of an individual’s life is a sign of success.Being different is non a trait that is admired. Trinidad, with a score of 58 is a masculine culture (Hofstede). Management is decisive and assertive. Competition and par is stressed. Conflicts are solved by fighting it out. The United States is also considered a masculine culture with a score of 62 (Hofstede). In the US, mass tend to talk about their successes and achievements. The ai m is always to win. Conflicts are resolved individually. Uncertainty Avoidance Uncertainty Avoidance is how a society reacts to the fact the future is not known. Different cultures deal with the fretting that this can bring.The people of Trinidad choose to avoid dubiety and score a 55 (Hofstede). They have strong beliefs and expectations for behavior. The Trinidad culture is not accepting of beliefs and behaviors that are international the norm. The people are very precise, punctual, hard working, and busy. Their culture is very resistant to innovation. The US stacks a 46 and is uncertainty accepting (Hofstede). In the US, raw ideas and products are welcomed. Individuals are pass on to trying new ideas and technology. The culture does not require some(prenominal) rules. People in the US do not bring their emotions are openly.Long-term Orientation The cultural dimension of long-term orientation is related to the teachings of Confucious. It deals with a cultures face for vir tue. A society with a high score in long-term orientation has a future oriented view. A society with a low score has a short point of view. Trinidad has no score in this dimension. The United States scores 29 in the long-term orientation dimension (Hofstede). It has a short-term point of view. Its people focus on tradition. American business measure their success with financial statements issued quarterly. Individuals work for stiff results.\r\n'