Thursday, April 18, 2019

Implementations of Emission Reduction Strategies as Political Research Paper - 4

Implementations of Emission lessening Strategies as Political Decisions - Research Paper Example7-18 December 2009 were the dates when world leaders gathered in Copenhagen to discuss the problems of climate change. The clime Summit was the fifteenth conference of the global governments and resulted in the announcement of the Copenhagen Accord. This symmetricalness was meant to be reached by the US and a block of BASIC large developing countries (China, India, South Africa, and Brazil) in regards to the measures world countries should take in order to reduce human impact on the surround and man atmosphere in particular. Though the Accord was outlining the major objectives of the counties cooperation with the purpose of fighting climate change, the paper did not even set either emission reduction targets. There was no information indicating a mensural way of determining each countrys impact on the prevention of temperature rise and no peaking emissions target year. Furthermore, the agreement did not even have any legally bounding force and the only results the Climate Summit had was that the representatives of world countries approved taking note of the Copenhagen Accord. Many countries were opposing the methods and objectives the Accord presented (Buxton 2010) so, as a result, the US did not force the participating countries to officially accept the Accord for fulfillment. Though the document acknowledges the position that temperature rise should be kept below 2 degrees Celsius with the help of emissions reduction, not specific goals were set for the countries to adopt with the objective. Another point was that developing countries that are influenced by climate change most of all were to aim financial aid from authentic countries in the period of 2010-2012 for adapting to the climate change ( unify Nations 2009, 3). The Accord also encourages the entrust of paying developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (Vidal , Stratton, and Goldenberg 2009). It should also be noted that previously developed proposals that called the countries for limiting temperature rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 80% by 2050 were abandoned. In addition, the interesting fact is that the United States, who refused to sign the Kyoto Protocol of 1997, was the major contributor to and strongest supporter of the Copenhagen Accord. The countrys motive for objecting to subscribe documents alike(p) the Kyoto Protocol, the purpose of which is the worldwide reduction of greenhouse gas emission, is, most likely economic. The USA is one of the largest environment polluters in the world because of the high level of economic development and great volumes of industrial production (Droge and Kemfert 2005, 246). The signing of such an agreement force the US companies to either invest in the development of environmentally couthie technologies or reduce the levels of production. Either option lead s to a reduce in companies profit and, consequently, a decrease in the governments tax income. Fighting the Climate Change Trade Policies, In any case, the outcomes of the Climate Summit can, according to Droge and Kemfert (2005, 235) be explained by the fact that climate change policies are or else political decisions that have a very strong relation to international trade policy and concern operations. A study conducted by Droge and Kemfert (2005, 235) is focused on the trade policies related to climate.

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